Washington, D.C.—In honor of National Sleep day (March 18), the Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN) is debunking melatonin myths.

According to CRN’s 2021 Consumer Survey on Dietary Supplements, 70% of supplement users regularly get a good night’s sleep, compared with 62% of non-users. The 2021 survey also indicated that 11% of supplement users take melatonin.

CRN is fighting four common myths:

Myth: Melatonin is a sedative. Fact:Melatonin does not have sedative properties. It’s a hormone that is naturally produced by the body. It helps adjust internal body clocks that regulate sleep. Taking melatonin in the evening signals to the body that it is time to sleep.

Myth: Melatonin is addictive. Fact:Scientific research has found that melatonin does not have addictive properties. It is nonetheless important to follow label instructions, as excessive doses may cause adverse side effects.

Myth: Melatonin can be used to treat insomnia. Fact:Melatonin supplements are intended for sleep support and jet lag. Those with long-term sleep difficulties or insomnia should consult a healthcare professional.

Myth: Melatonin is not regulated by FDA. Fact: FDA regulates both finished supplement products and dietary ingredients, under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994. Among many other requirements, supplements are subject to facility inspections, compliance with good manufacturing practices, labeling requirements, and adverse event reporting.

Related: CHPA Responds to JAMA Report on Melatonin Usage Article Calls for Military AER System; CRN Calls It “Counterproductive,” “Wasteful” Associations Submit Comments on FDA’s Tentative Response to NAC Petitions