The researchers noted that previous studies in adults have shown a strong association between vitamin D and tuberculosis, both in terms of vitamin D status and in terms of the benefits of vitamin D in managing TB. Studies in children, however, are lacking, particularly in Indonesia, the country with the second-highest TB incidence globally.
This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed on 84 Indonesian children aged 6 to 18 years old, diagnosed with both pulmonary TB and vitamin D insufficiency. 80 patients completed the six-month follow-up. Half the patients received either 1000 IU vitamin D or placebo daily after starting standard TB treatment.
Related: Review Illustrates Importance of K2 in Kids’ Health Study Links Vit D, Omega-3 With Autoimmune Disease Risk Reduction Swiss Gov. Guidance: Older Consumers Should Take Vitamin DThe researchers found that the vitamin D group saw faster resolution of fever and cough, as well as a higher vitamin D level and improved malnutrition status compared to the placebo group (all p<0.001).
The researchers concluded: “Vitamin D is beneficial in improving fever and cough resolution, and improving nutritional status in children with pulmonary TB and vitamin D insufficiency.”