Brussels, Belgium—Ubiquinol levels among vegetarians and vegans are significantly lower than those of omnivores, according to a new study conducted by Kaneka and Kaonkai Miura Hospital in Osaka, Japan.

According to data from Kaneka, half of the 60 study participants were vegetarians/vegans and the other half were omnivores. None of the participants took CoQ10 supplements or CoQ10-fortified functional foods. The researchers found that ubiquinol plasma levels in vegans were 23% lower than in omnivores, due to a restricted diet.

While the human body makes ubiquinol on its own, according to a press release, production can decline due to age, medications, or lifestyle. Lack of ubiquinol can lead to fatigue, muscle issues, and a weaker immune system.

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Alexandre Magnin, Sales & Marketing Manager at Kaneka Nutrients Europe (part of Kaneka Medical Europe), explained in the press release: “Plant-based nutrition continues to flourish as a result of consumer interest in healthy lifestyles, sustainability, and animal welfare, which ties into the broader trend towards cleaner living and eating. But those opting for a plant-based diet also have to be mindful of their health by supplementing deficient nutrients appropriately. For example, some meat or dairy alternatives were found to be relatively high in sodium, saturated fat and sugar, and may therefore decrease levels of essential micronutrients. As more and more consumers are switching to a greener lifestyle, these and our new study results are highly important. With Kaneka Ubiquinol, manufacturers of dietary supplements can serve the growing target group of vegetarians and vegans, and optimally support them in their diet.”