The movement to make egg production go cage-free has seen continued growth in the last number of years. In response, quite a few large restaurants, bakery chains and food suppliers have promised to switch to solely cage-free eggs. Those chains include Denny’s, McDonald’s, Nestle, Costco, as well as countless others. Last year marked the implementation of California’s new law, requiring all shell eggs sold in the state to be cage-free. This law requires certain farm animals to have the room to stand, turn around, lie down and fully extend their limbs.
These changes are largely fueled by growing interest in a humanely sourced food supply as well as the whole foods movement. As interest in healthy foods continues on the grassroots level, we see large corporations following the trend. Cage-free operations allow the chickens to walk, roam, spread their wings, perch, dust bathe and lay their eggs in a nesting box, which are all natural behaviors for a chicken.
Changes in Supply
Many of the restaurant chains that are committing to cage-free eggs have projected the change to take five to 15 years to implement. Panera and Starbucks gave themselves the ambitious five-year deadline of 2020. McDonald’s and Denny’s both have given themselves until the year 2026 to complete the transition. Why will it take that long? Simply put, there are not enough cage-free farms to keep up with demand. According to United Egg Producers, only 4.5% of eggs produced in the U.S. are laid by cage-free hens. In order to transition into cage-free production, traditional battery cage style operations will be required to refit existing buildings or build new ones. Therefore, this whole change and progress will take time and resources for the supply to catch up.
Breaking Down Hen Living Situations
There are three main types and sizes of cage-free operations. Each type has its own advantage over the traditional battery cages used in most egg farming operations today. These include aviary systems, colony system and an open barn. Aviary systems often have three tiers of feeders, waterers, and nesting boxes. The advantages of the aviary system are their allowance for a greater number of birds per square foot. Additionally, hens are able to roost higher in the barn, an instinct they already possess. A colony system places chickens in a large cage with enough room that the hens can roost and fully spread their wings. The open barn system has an open floor plan with feeders, waterers, perches, and nesting boxes throughout the barn. The open barn allows for plenty of room for each bird, but also allows them to flock together. Open barn productions tend to be smaller farming operations.
While the larger chains and restaurants will have a challenge switching to cage-free eggs, the local consumer has a number of choices. Quite a few regional and super-regional producers currently distribute to local grocery stores. Despite the fact that it may take a while for the supply to catch up to the demand, the overall progress of cage-free egg farming is a positive effect that we are happy to see.
Anna Horn is a Content Developer for Nature’s Yoke, a family owned and operated egg producer, committed to bring small family farms together in the Central PA area.
NOTE: The opinions expressed in bylined articles are not necessarily those of the publisher.
Posted on WholeFoods Magazine online 1/19/2016