When hearing about proteins and amino acids, many of us have to think back to our middle school science classes. A swarm of polypeptides diagrams dance in our heads, and their meanings begin to escape us. As adults, it’s definitely worth revisiting the basics to see how these proteins fit into our lifestyles and how they can improve our bodies.

For 90 years, vitamin E research has produced prolific and notable discoveries, including isolation from plants, chemical identifications and total syntheses. Until the last few decades, however, attention has been given mostly to the biological activities and underlying mechanisms of alpha-tocopherol, while more than one-third of all vitamin E tocotrienol research over the last 30 years was published in the last three years (2009–2011).

It sounded like doom. After having taken a vote by secret ballot on July 5th, the Chairman of the Codex Alimentarius Commission, Mr. Sanjay Dave, solemnly announced the results of the voting on whether or not ractopamine1 standards were adopted. Out of 143 ballots cast, the vote was 69 for ractopamine, 67 against ractopamine, with seven abstaining. If only one vote had shifted from the “for” camp to the “against” camp, then the result would have been completely different and the ractopamine standard would have been defeated.

Ganeden Biotech distributes a patented probiotic-derived cosmeceutical ingredient called Bonicel. The ingredient is said to improve skin hydration, elasticity, under-eye puffiness and decrease fine lines and wrinkles.

Ilhwa North America Inc. now offers GinST 15, a high-absorption ginseng extract that incorporates a high-yield enzyme fermented process. This technology delivers “higher efficacy, consistent absorption, improved taste profile, plus a lower cost per use,” says the company. This ginseng extract is said to be 15 times more absorbable in the bloodstream than other similar ingredients. It takes just three to four hours to reach maximum absorption. This ingredient won the Best Botanical 2012 award at the 2012 Engredea tradeshow.

New from Ingredion is Novation Indulge 3340. This clean-label texture system is designed for foods and beverages such as yogurt and dairy desserts and is resistant to high temperature, high shear and low pH. The system may help manufacturers reduce a product’s calories and fat.

News and notes from industry suppliers.

The high-stakes battle continues in sugar-land. On September 4, four companies affiliated with the Corn Refiners Association (ADM, Cargill, Ingredion and Tate & Lyle) filed a counterclaim against The Sugar Association for supposedly fooling Americans into thinking that sugar is safer and healthier than high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), “despite overwhelming scientific evidence that the two forms of sugar are nutritionally equivalent.”

Hair thinning and loss for both men and women happen for different reasons depending on the individual; some feel their fate is out of their hands as they see generations of family members before them develop shiny heads and spots while others take out the stress of the day on their scalps. Regardless, damage to hair structure is a common underlying cause.